capital of Serbia is city of Belgrade (Beograd). It is
one of the oldest cities in Europe and since ancient times
it has been an important traffic focal point, an intersection
of the roads of Eastern and Western Europe.
is situated in South-Eastern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula.
It lies at the point where the river Sava merges into
the Danube, on the slope between two alluvial planes.
The river waters surround it from three sides, and that
is why since ancient times it has been the guardian of
river passages. Because of its position it was properly
called "the gate" of the Balkans, and "the door" to Central
Europe. Along the ridge of the slope, from Kalemegdan,
along the Knez Mihailova street, across Terazije to Slavija,
stretches the main city traffic artery.
a city of very tumultuous history, is one of the oldest
cities in Europe. Its history lasts full 7,000 years.
The area around two great rivers, the Sava and the Danube
has been inhabited as early as palaeolithic period. Remains
of human bones and skulls of Neanderthals, found in the
stone-pit near Leštane, in a cave in Čukarica and near
the Bajloni market, date back to the early Stone Age.
It is Belgrade where the most significant works of architecture
are located, with Kalemegdan accommodating Belgrade Fortress,
cultural monuments and other immovable cultural treasures,
numerous archeological sites with remnants of developed
civilization and culture on Belgrade territory from prehistory
until this day.
Belgrade is the centre of culture and art of Serbia. It
is Belgrade where our most notable artists create, where
over 9.000 theatrical performances, exhibitions, concerts,
performance events, and other artistic programs are presented
and where prominent authors in the world of art are hosted.
Belgrade is the centre of the highest state and national
institutions of culture and art: Serbian Academy of Arts
and Sciences, the National Library of Serbia, the National
Museum, the National Theatre and the University of Arts.