Republic of Serbia is a democratic state of all its citizens.
Its history and achievements make it an integral part
of modern civilisation.
Apart from Serbia Proper, the Republic of Serbia contains
two autonomous provinces: Vojvodina and Kosovo-Metohija.
Belgrade is the capital of Serbia. With a population of
1.6 million, it is the country's administrative, economic
and cultural centre.
Teritory and Climate
Serbia is located in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula,
on the most important route linking Europe and Asia, occupying
an area of 88, 361 sq. km. Serbia is in the West European
time zone (one hour ahead of Greenwich time). Its climate
is temperate continental, with a gradual transition between
the four seasons of the year.
Population, Language and Religion
The ethnic composition of the population of the Republic
of Serbia is very diverse, which is a result of the country's
turbulent past. The majority of the population of Serbia
are Serbs, but another 37 ethnicities also live on its
territory. All citizens have equal rights and responsibilities
and enjoy full ethnic equality.
The population of Serbia is 7,498,001. Serbs make up 82.86%
of the population, Hungarians 3.91%, Bosniaks 1.81%, Roma
1.44%, Yugoslavs 1.08%, Croats 0.94%, Montenegrins 0.92%,
Albanians 0.82%, Slovaks 0.79%, Vlachs 0.53%, Romanians
0.46%, Macedonians 0.34%, Bulgarians and Vojvodina Croats
0.27% each, Muslims 0.26%, Ruthenians 0.21%, Slovaks and
Ukrainians 0.7% each, Gorani 0.06%, Germans 0.05%, and
Russians and Czechs 0.03% each.
The official language in Serbia is Serbian and the script
in official use is Cyrillic, while Latin script is also
used. In the areas inhabited by ethnic minorities, the
languages and scripts of the minorities are in official
The main religion of Serbia is Christian Orthodox. Beside
the Christian Orthodox Church, there are also many other
religious communities in Serbia: Islamic, Roman Catholic,
Protestant, Jewish are just some of them.